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Успехи молекулярной онкологии

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Вторые первичные опухоли у онкологических больных: лекарственный канцерогенез в онкологии

https://doi.org/10.17650/2313-805X-2016-3-3-44-55

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Аннотация

Цитостатики, используемые в химиотерапии, вызывают образование вторых первичных опухолей у некоторых больных, излеченных от первого новообразования. При этом риск возникновения вторых опухолей после излечения от первых повышается в 4–6 раз по сравнению с общей популяцией. В обзоре приведены современные данные о механизме злокачественной трансформации клеток цитостатиками, группах повышенного риска, связанного с врожденным полиморфизмом систем метаболизма ксенобиотиков и репарацией повреждений ДНК. Наибольший риск лекарственных опухолей отмечен у пациентов с высокой активностью изоформ цитохрома Р450, превращающего транспортные формы цитостатиков в активные электрофильные метаболиты, и с низким уровнем детоксицирующих ферментов. При прочих равных условиях в группу повышенного риска входят больные с низкой активностью ферментов репарации ДНК. Рассматриваются возможности исследования канцерогенного потенциала новых таргетных препаратов в эксперименте в целях минимизации риска возникновения вторых опухолей, обусловленных лечением.

Об авторах

Г. А. Белицкий
Научно-исследовательский институт канцерогенеза ФГБУ «Российский онкологический научный центр им. Н. Н. Блохина» Минздрава России; Россия, 115478, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 24
Россия


Е. А. Лесовая
Научно-исследовательский институт канцерогенеза ФГБУ «Российский онкологический научный центр им. Н. Н. Блохина» Минздрава России; Россия, 115478, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 24 ФГБОУ ВО «Рязанский государственный медицинский университет им. акад. И.П. Павлова» Минздрава России; Россия, 390026, Рязань, ул. Высоковольтная, 9
Россия


К. И. Кирсанов
Научно-исследовательский институт канцерогенеза ФГБУ «Российский онкологический научный центр им. Н. Н. Блохина» Минздрава России; Россия, 115478, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 24
Россия


М. Г. Якубовская
Научно-исследовательский институт канцерогенеза ФГБУ «Российский онкологический научный центр им. Н. Н. Блохина» Минздрава России; Россия, 115478, Москва, Каширское шоссе, 24
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Белицкий Г.А., Лесовая Е.А., Кирсанов К.И., Якубовская М.Г. Вторые первичные опухоли у онкологических больных: лекарственный канцерогенез в онкологии. Успехи молекулярной онкологии. 2016;3(3):44-55. https://doi.org/10.17650/2313-805X-2016-3-3-44-55

For citation:


Belitskiy G.A., Lesovaya E.A., Kirsanov K.I., Yakubovskaya M.G. Second primary malignancies of cancer patients: treatment-related carcinogenesis. Advances in molecular oncology. 2016;3(3):44-55. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17650/2313-805X-2016-3-3-44-55

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ISSN 2313-805X (Print)
ISSN 2413-3787 (Online)